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POSTAL ADDRESS VERIFICATION OF PREPAID -
MOBILE APPLICANT MATTER - PIL
SUMMARY OF PETITION NO. 285/2010
THINGS TO NOTE !!

A] THE MATTER PERTAINS TO VERIFYING THE POSTAL ADDRESS OF APPLICANT OF MOBILE PREPAID CONNECTIONS, SAME WAY AS APPLICANT FOR POSTPAID CONNECTIONS, STAND VERIFIED.

B] ALTHOUGH PREPAID MOBILES CAN NOT BY ITSELF COMMIT ANY CRIME, BUT THEY CAN EFFECTIVELY ASSIST IN MULTIPLE CRIME RANGING FROM CHEATING / FORGERY / HIDING THE IDENTITY OF THE PERSON’S IDENTITY COMMITTING THE CRIME / EXTORTION / TERRORIST ACTIVITIES / MURDER / ROBBERY / DACOITY / RAPE / SNATCHING / HOAX CALLS / THREATENING / ABUSIVE CALLS AND ONLINE FRAUDS LIKE LOTTERY / FUND TRANSFER.
TO SUM UP ANY SORT OF CRIME CAN BE ASSISTED BY A PREPAID MOBILE CONNECTION, WHICH IS VERIFIED ON BASIS OF DOCUMENTS OR PRE-ACTIVATED.

C] ASSISTANT COMM. OF POLICE – CHENNAI SUBURBAN (CYBER CRIME CELL) AMIT ROY / ADDITIONAL DCP.1 OUTER DISTRICT, PUSHPANJALL, DELHI-110034 / DCP. IGI AIRPORT NEW DELHI / DCP. CENTRAL DISTRICT DARIA GANJ-DELHI / KHAR POLICE THANE-MUMBAI / VILEPARLE POLICE STATION-MUMBAI / VAKOLA POLICE STATION-MUMBAI / KHERWADI POLICE STATION-MUMBAI / BANDRA KURLA COMPLEX POLICE STATION-MUMBAI - HAVE CLEARLY EXPRESSED THEIR VIEWS ON CASUALLY VERIFIED PREPAID MOBILE PHONES – ASSISTING IN ALL KINDS OF CRIMES RANGING FROM CHEATING / FORGERY / HIDING THE IDENTITY OF THE PERSON’S IDENTITY COMMITTING THE CRIME / EXTORTION / TERRORIST ACTIVITIES / MURDER / ROBBERY / DACOITY / RAPE / SNATCHING / HOAX CALLS / THREATENING / ABUSIVE CALLS AND ONLINE FRAUDS LIKE LOTTERY / FUND TRANSFER.

D] THAT THE PRESENT PETITION SEEKING A WRIT/DIRECTION(S) FROM THIS HON’BLE COURT IS DIRECTED AGAINST THE RAMPANT FLOUTING OF NORMS/REGULATIONS/GUIDELINES RELATED TO SUBSCRIBER VERIFICATION BY VARIOUS SERVICE PROVIDERS, WHILE SELLING PREPAID MOBILE CONNECTIONS. BECAUSE OF THIS APPROACH OF SERVICE PROVIDERS USAGE OF MOBILE PHONES IS BEING WIDELY USED IN THE COMMISSION OF ANY CRIMINAL ACTIVITY ESPECIALLY TERRORIST ACTIVITIES WHICH ENDANGERS HUMAN LIFE AND NATIONAL SECURITY.

E] THAT THE PIL HIGHLIGHTS THE GRAVE ISSUE OF NON-OBSERVANCE OF NORMS/REGULATIONS/GUIDELINES RELATED TO PROPER AND EFFECTIVE SUBSCRIBER VERIFICATION BY VARIOUS SERVICE PROVIDERS. IN ORDER TO LIVE UP TO THE COMPETITION IN THE TELECOM SECTOR OF HAVING THE MAXIMUM SUBSCRIBER BASE THE SERVICE PROVIDERS ARE SELLING THE PREPAID SIM CARDS WITHOUT PROPERLY VERIFYING THE ADDRESS OF THE SUBSCRIBER AND THEREBY THEY ARE RENDERING THE LIFE AND PROPERTY OF INDIAN CITIZENS AND PUBLIC PROPERTY IN THE TERRITORY OF INDIA INTO PERIL AND JEOPARDY.

F] IT WOULD NOT BE OUT OF PLACE TO MENTION HERE THAT SUCH AN ACT IS POSSIBLE BECAUSE OF THE PRESENT GUIDELINES/REGULATIONS FOR SUBSCRIBER VERIFICATION AS IT REQUIRES ONLY A PHOTOCOPY OF THE IDENTITY PROOF AGAINST WHICH A SIM IS PROCURED. NEITHER THERE IS REQUIREMENT OF PHYSICAL VERIFICATION OF THE IDENTITY PROOF OF THE PERSON FURNISHING IT BY THE SERVICE PROVIDER NOR IS THE IDENTITY PROOF REQUIRED TO BE VERIFIED THROUGH THE ISSUING AUTHORITY BY THE SERVICE PROVIDER.

G] THAT THE SERVICE PROVIDER DOES THE VERIFICATION IN THE CASE OF A POST PAID CONNECTION BUT SHRUGS IT OFF IN THE CASE OF PREPAID CONNECTIONS. IT IS IMPORTANT TO MENTION HERE THAT THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BOTH SERVICES IS THAT OF THE PAYMENT MECHANISM AND NOT VERIFICATION PROCEDURE TO BE FOLLOWED. UNDERSTANDABLY, IN CASE OF POSTPAID CONNECTIONS, PHYSICAL VERIFICATION IS EMPHASIZED TO AVOID COMPLICATIONS DURING BILL COLLECTIONS. WHEREAS AS PER NEWS REPORT IN PREPAID CONNECTIONS PRACTICALLY NO VERIFICATION IS BEING DONE.

H] THAT THIS SITUATION AROSE IN THE BACKDROP OF SO-CALLED ‘TELECOM REVOLUTION’ WHEREIN EVERY SERVICE PROVIDER IS TRYING TO ADD AND SHOW MAXIMUM NUMBER OF SUBSCRIBERS. THE BENEFIT OF HAVING SUCH A NUMBER IS BASICALLY TWO-FOLD; ONE, A BIG SUBSCRIBER BASE INDUCES THE INVESTORS TO INVEST IN THEIR (SERVICE PROVIDER) PROJECTS AND AT THE SAME TIME BY SHOWING HUGE SUBSCRIBER BASE THEY PROCURE LICENSES TO OPERATE IN MORE CIRCLES, THEREBY INDUCING THE CUSTOMERS TO TAKE THEIR SERVICES.

I] THAT THE OMISSION OF THE RESPONDENTS HAS VIOLATED THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE PETITIONER UNDER ART. 21 OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA IN ITS LITERAL MEANING. BECAUSE OF THE ABSENCE OF MANDATORY GUIDELINES FOR PHYSICAL VERIFICATION AND NON-COMPLIANCE OF THE VERIFICATION PROCESS, TELECOM SECTOR ACTS AS A FACILITATOR TO TERRORISTS OUTFIT WHOSE MAIN AIM IS DESTRUCTION OF PEACE AND PUBLIC PROPERTY.

J] THAT THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS ON WHICH THE PETITIONERS ARE INTER ALIA RELYING THEREFORE RAISE QUESTIONS OF FAR REACHING PUBLIC IMPORTANCE, NATIONAL SECURITY AND SECURITY OF EACH AND EVERY CITIZEN OF INDIA.
IT IS RESPECTFULLY SUBMITTED THAT RIGHT TO LIFE CAN’T BE CURTAILED IN ANY SCENARIO AND LIVING IN PEACEFUL ENVIRONMENT, FREE FROM FEAR AND PERSISTENT DEATH THREAT IS A FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT OF AN INDIVIDUAL. RIGHT TO IMPLEMENTATION/COMPLIANCE OF A GUIDELINES/REGULATION/NORM IS NOT A FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT BUT IF THE INEVITABLE CONSEQUENCES OF ABSENCE OF GUIDELINES IS TO CURTAIL THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT OF LIFE, IN ITS TRUE SENSE, THEN IT IS RESPECTFULLY SUBMITTED THAT ANY CONDITION FOR SUCH NON-COMPLIANCES WHICH HAS MATERIAL BEARING ON THE LIFE OF AN INDIVIDUAL WHO HAS A GUARANTEED FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT TO LIVE IN PEACEFUL ENVIRONMENT (INSERT THE CASE ON RIGHT TO PEACEFUL LEAVING) WILL TRANSGRESS UNDER ARTICLE 21 OF THE CONSTITUTION.

K] THIS WRIT PETITION, THEREFORE, RAISES A PERTINENT CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTION AS TO HOW FAR THE STATE CAN PUT THE LIFE OF AN INDIVIDUAL TO PERIL IN THE NAME OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. WHETHER IN THE NAME OF TELECOM REVOLUTION, THE LIFE AND PROPERTY OF MILLIONS OF CITIZENS CAN BE COMPROMISED WITH OR NOT.

L] BECAUSE THE RESPONDENTS WOULD COME TO KNOW ABOUT THE ACTUAL FIGURES AND DATA RELATED TO THE SECTOR WHICH WOULD BE VERY HANDY IN CANVASSING THE ACTUAL STATUS OF THE SECTOR AND NOT AN INFLATED IMAGE OF THE SAME.

M] BECAUSE THE PROBABILITY OF TAMPERING WITH THE POSTAL ADDRESS VERIFICATION IS PROBABLY VERY LESS WHEN COMPARED TO THE DOCUMENTAL TAMPERING.

N] THAT AS PER A REPORT BY THE ECONOMIC TIMES DATED 14-10-2010, THE GOVT. HAD PROPOSED DRAFT NORMS, WHICH ENVISAGES A NEW DELIVERY MODEL WHICH ENVISAGED NON-DELIVERY OF SIM CARDS AT THE POINT OF SALE; BUT, THE SAME BE MAILED BY SERVICE PROVIDERS TO THE CUSTOMER SEPARATELY WITH A PERSONAL IDENTIFICATION NUMBER TO THE SUBSCRIBER. IT ALSO SEEKS THAT ALL SERVICE PROVIDERS MUST RE-VERIFY ALL THE EXISTING SUBSCRIBER. IN SHORT, IT ENVISAGES PHYSICAL VERIFICATION OF EACH SUBSCRIBER.

IT IS IMPERATIVE TO MENTION HERE THAT AS SOON AS THE DRAFT NORMS WERE CIRCULATED ACROSS THE BOARD, THERE WAS A HUGE UPROAR AMONGST THE TELECOM SERVICE PROVIDERS; AS TO THEIR MIND IF THE DRAFT NORMS ARE IMPLEMENTED, IT WILL TOPPLE DOWN THE WHOLE ‘MISCONCEIVED’ GROWTH STORY OF TELECOM SECTOR IN INDIA. HOWEVER, SINCE THEN, THE GOVT. HAD BEEN BUYING TIME, AND NO SUBSTANTIAL DEVELOPMENT HAD TAKEN PLACE IN THAT DIRECTION.

O] THAT AS PER TIMES OF INDIA REPORT DATED 19-1-2011 THE SERVICE PROVIDERS WERE SUPPOSED TO COMPLETE THE RE-VERIFICATION OF THE EXISTING CUSTOMERS IN NORTH EASTERN INDIA BY 19-1-2011. HOWEVER, IN ORDER TO CIRCUMVENT THE DEADLINE THE TELECOM OPERATORS HAD ADVISED THE USERS TO GO FOR LARGE RECHARGE WHICH WILL GIVE THEM THE BENEFIT OF NOT BEING DISCONNECTED EVEN IF THEIR VERIFICATION IS NOT DONE BY THE COMPANIES. THE REASON FOR SUCH AN OFFER AND ADVICE BY THE SERVICE PROVIDERS IS THAT UNDER TELECOM DEPARTMENT RULES A PREPAID USER WITH ADEQUATE TALK VALUE AND VOUCHER CAN NOT BE KNOCKED OFF THE NETWORK EVEN IF THE SERVICE PROVIDERS FAILS TO COMPLETE THE RE-VERIFICATION ON TIME.

IT IS IMPORTANT TO MENTION HERE THAT THIS APPROACH OF THE SERVICE PROVIDERS HIGHLIGHTS THE CAPITALIST APPRAOCH OF THE SERVICE PROVIDERS WHOSE ONLY AIM IS TO EARN PROFIT AT ANY COST. THE LATEST NEVERTHELESS, IT MUST BE KEPT IN MIND THAT IN THE WAKE OF COMPETITION AMONGST SERVICE PROVIDERS, THEY MUST REMEMBER THAT THEY SHOULD NOT CREATE CONDITIONS WHICH QUESTIONS THEIR EXISTENCE ITSELF. IT IS HUMBLY SUBMITTED AND STATED THAT THE RESPONIBILITY OF THE SERVICE PROVIDERS IS INCREASED MANIFOLD IN OUR NATION WHERE RATIO OF POLICE PERSONNEL TO THAT OF THE POPULATION IS EVEN WORSE THAN ITS NEIGHBOURING UNDERDEVELOPED COUNTRIES.

P] THAT THE INSTANT PETITIONER MADE A SPECIFIC QUERY UNDER RTI ACT, 2005 TO DOT AND MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS REGARDING NATURE OF CRIMES WHICH ARE BEING COMMITTED USING MOBILE CONNECTIONS. THE MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS IN ITS REPLY DATED 21-12-2011, PASSED ON THE BUCK ON DOT BY REPLYING THAT THE QUERY PERTAINS TO THE DOMAIN OF DOT, WHEREAS THE DOT IN A SIMILAR REPLY DATED 12-1-2011 SAID THAT THE QUERY PERTAINS TO THE REALM OF MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS. THE REPLY OF TRAI DATED 27-12-2010, TO THE SIMILAR QUERY WAS EQUALLY CONTRADICTING WHEREIN IT CATEGORICALLY SAID THAT THE ISSUE CAN BE ANSWERED BY DOT.

Q] THAT AS PER THE DOT’S ORDER ISSUED IN NOVEMBER, 2009 THE SERVICE PROVIDERS WERE REQUIRED TO RE-VERIFY THE IDENTITY OF EXISTING MOBILE USERS. HOWEVER, IT IS PERTINENT TO MENTION HERE THAT DOT IN ITS LETTER DATED 8-2-2010 HAD ITSELF ACCEPTED THAT THE SERVICE PROVIDERS DOESN’T HAVE ANY MECHANISM TO VERIFY THE VERACITY OF THE DOCUMENTS ON WHICH A CONNECTION IS PROCURED. IT IS HUMBLY SUBMITTED THAT RE-VERIFICATION DONE BY THE SERVICE PROVIDERS IS NOTHING MORE THAN AN EYE WASH AND IS AN EXERCISE TO CIRCUMVENT THE LAW.

IT IS PERTINENT TO MENTION HERE THAT IN ONE OF THE TIMES OF INDIA REPORT DATED 8-1-2011 THE DOT ITSELF ADMITTED THAT THE DUE TO HIGH COMPETITION THE SIM CARDS ITSELF IS USED AS RECHARGE COUPONS, WHICH IS A VERY SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENT. MOREOVER, THE TERM CELL WHICH IS RESPONSIBLE FOR SAMPLE VERIFICATION OF THE VERACITY OF THE DOCUMENTS SUBMITTED BY THE SUBSCRIBER ITSELF CATEGORICALLY MENTIONED THAT MANY SUBSCRIBER FURNISH FAKE DRIVING LICENSE FOR GETTING CONNECTION AND TERM CELL IS UNABLE TO VERIFY THEM AS THE DEPT. WHICH IS ALLEGED TO HAVE ISSUED IT NEVER ANSWERS THEIR QUERIES. THIS IS RES ISPA LOCQUITOR WHICH CONCLUSIVELY PROVES THAT THE CURRENT DOCUMENT BASED SUBSCRIBER VERIFICATION DRIVE (CARRIED OUT BY NONE OTHER THAT OPERATORS WHO ARE SABOTAGING SECURITY PARAMETERS FOR THEIR PROFITS) IS AN EXERCISE FULL OF FLAWS. FURTHERMORE, PROPER VERIFICATION OF SUBSCRIBER ATTAINS HIGHEST IMPORTANCE IN A COUNTRY LIKE INDIA WHERE RATIO OF POLICE PERSONNEL TO THAT OF THE POPULATION IS EVEN WORSE THAN ITS NEIGHBOURING UNDERDEVELOPED COUNTRIES.

DOT HAS TELECOM ENFORCEMENT, RESOURCE AND MONITORING (TERM) CELLS WHICH WERE MADE TO ENSURE THAT SERVICE PROVIDERS ADHERE TO THE LICENCE CONDITIONS AND FOR TAKING CARE OF TELECOM NETWORK SECURITY ISSUES. IT IS THIS CELL WHICH PERFORM SAMPLE AUDIT FOR SUBSCRIBER VERIFICATION. HOWEVER, IT IS IMPERATIVE TO POINT OUT THAT AS PER TIMES OF INDIA REPORT DATED 14-1-2011 THERE IS HUGE SHORTAGE OF STAFFS AT ITS KOLKATA OFFICE AND THE SITUATION IS SO STARK THAT IT HAS NOT BEEN ABLE TO DO EVEN THE SAMPLE SURVEY FROM LAST 7-8 MONTHS.

R] THAT AS PER TIMES OF INDIA REPORT IN A RECENTLY HELD CHIEF MINISTERS CONFERENCE THE CMS OF 3 NORTH EASTERN STATES HAVE CATEGORICALLY DEMANDED BAN ON PREPAID MOBILE CONNECTIONS FOR SECURITY REASONS. IT IS PERTINENT TO MENTION THAT THE PRECISE REASON FOR SUCH A REQUEST FROM THE CHIEF MINISTERS IN INCREASED MISUSE OF SIM CARDS ON FAKE ID IN COMMISSION OF CRIMES COUPLED WITH THE IMPROPER SUBSCRIBER VERIFICATION BY THE SERVICE PROVIDERS.

S] THAT THE WHOLE PURPOSE OF HAVING A SIM CARD, WHICH IS ACTUALLY ‘SUBSCRIBER IDENTITY MODULE’, GETS FRUSTRATED IF IT IS BOUGHT/SOLD ON A FAKE ID. A SIM CARD ON A FAKE ID CAN HAVE DIRE CONSEQUENCES, AND IS A MENACE TO THE PEACE AND TRANQUILITY OF THE NATION. SIM CARD ON FAKE ID OR PRE-ACTIVATED SIM CARDS ON FAKE DOCUMENTS ARE ALSO CONTRIBUTING TO CRIMES LIKE EXTORTION - HARASSING WOMEN WITH UNSOLICITED CALLS ETC. AND HENCE IS PARTNERING IN EVERY TYPE OF CRIME. IT WOULD NOT BE AN OVERSTATEMENT TO CALL THEM A LIVE WEAPON FOR CRIME WHICH IF NOT REGULATED, WILL LEAD TO ALARMING ADVERSE IMPLICATIONS.

T] .O.T. HAD ON (14/03/2011) EXTENDED A NEW DOCUMENT BASED VERIFICATION POLICY (800-39/2010-VAS) TO THE HONOURED SUPREME COURT AND THE POLICY WAS IN SUPERSESSION OF ALL PREVIOUS INSTRUCTIONS REGARDING VERIFICATION NORMS. HOW EVER SUPRISINGLY A REPLY DATED (02/09/2011) AGAINST RTI. QUERY, HAS REVEALED THAT THE POLICY HAS NOT BEEN ISSUED TO TELECOM SERVICE PROVIDERS.

U] TRAI. IN IT’S REPLY DATED (22/09/2011) AGAINST RTI. QUERY HAS REVEALED THAT ONLY (70%) OF SUBSCRIBERS WERE USING THEIR MOBILE SERVICES AT LEAST ONCE IN A MONTH. THIS IMPLIES THAT (30%) OF MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS ARE INACTIVE.

V] TRAI. IN IT’S REPLY DATED (22/09/2011) AGAINST RTI. QUERY HAS REVEALED THAT AN INDIVIDUAL USING THE MOBILE SERVICES, EVEN ONCE IN ONE MONTH, QUALIFIES AS AN ACTIVE SUBSCRIBER.

W] THE OFFICE OF DIRECTOR GENERAL OF AUDIT, POST & TELECOMMUNICATIONS HAS ON (18/11/2011) EXTENDED A COPY OF C.A.G. REPORT – WHICH REVEALS THAT IN MAY,2010 TRAI. RECOMMENDED THAT ADDITIONAL SPECTRUM BEING HELD BY OPERATORS BEYOND LICENCED QUANTITY BE CHARGED. THE C.A.G. OBSERVES THAT IF TRAI. RECOMMENDATION IS IMPLEMENTED ADDITIONAL FLOW OF REVENUE TO GOVERNMENT WILL BE (36993) CRORE. (POINT – 4.10, PAGE 49) OF C.A.G. REPORT.

X] REPLIES RECEIVED FROM – MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS, D.O.T., TRAI. AGAINST RTI. QUERIES REVEALS THAT NONE OF THE ABOVE MENTIONED GOVERNMENT MINISTRIES ARE READY TO CONFIRM AS TO WHETHER THE VERIFICATION POLICY DATED (14/03/2011) (800-39/2010-VAS) HAS THE APPROVAL OF HOME MINISTRY OR NOT. THE APPROVAL OF HOME MINISTRY IS INDISPENSABLE TO ANY VERIFICATION POLICY, AS BECAUSE IT AFFECTS THE INTERNAL SECURITY OF THE NATION.

** THE INDIAN POLICE JOURNAL, PUBLISHED BY THE BUREAU OF POLICE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STATES THAT - CRIME STATISTICS ARE LOWER THAN INCIDENCE BECAUSE POLICEMEN ARE RELUCTANT TO REGISTER F.I.R. THE STUDY WAS CONDUCTED IN NORTH BENGAL BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE AND REFLECTED THAT THE NUMBER OF RECORDED CASES OF CRIME WENT UP BY MORE THAN (400%) AFTER REGISTRATION OF F.I.R.S WAS MADE MANDATORY. HENCE IT CAN BE VERY WELL BE CONCLUDED THAT THE ACTUAL NOS. OF CRIMINAL CASES, ARE BY FAR MORE THAN THOSE REPORTED.

** AS PER REPLY AGAINST AN RTI. QUERY BY THE PETITIONER, FROM DR. DHANI RAM APIO. BUREAU OF POLICE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT NEW DELHI, REFLECTING THE ACTUAL NO. OF POLICE PERSONNEL AGAINST THE SANCTIONED NO. PER LAC OF POPULATION IN INDIAN STATES AS ON (01/01/2009) AND ALSO SHOWING THE COMPARISON OF POLICE AVAILABILITY PER LAC OF POPULATION FOR THE YEARS (2001 & 2002) BETWEEN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES OF THE GLOBE – IT IS CLEARLY VISIBLE THAT OUR NATION LAGS FAR BEHIND AMONG MANY NATIONS OF THE GLOBE IN TERMS OF ENSURING HIGHER NUMBER OF POLICE PERSONNEL AGAINST EVERY LAC OF POPULATION. DUE TO THIS INSUFFICIENT NO. THE POLICE IS IN ALL PROBABILITIES UNABLE TO PROVIDE THE REQUIRED SECURITY COVER WHICH OUGHT TO BE EXTENDED TO THE CITIZENS OF THE NATION FOR ENSURING PROPER AND ADEQUATE SAFETY AND PEACE. COUPLED WITH THE COMPARATIVE SHORTAGE OF POLICE PERSONNEL WHEN MATCHED WITH MOST OTHER NATIONS OF THE GLOBE, WHAT HAS FURTHER AGGRAVATED THE SITUATION IS THAT – EVEN THERE IS A REMARKABLE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE ACTUAL AND THE SANCTIONED NUMBER OF POLICE PERSONNEL IN THE NATION. ADDITIONALLY IT IS NOT A HIDDEN FACT THAT OUR POLICE FORCE IS ILL EQUIPPED AND COMPARES POORLY WITH THE DEVELOPED NATIONS – (BOTH IN TERMS OF TECHNOLOGY & WEAPONRY) WHO ARE BENCHMARKS IN TERMS OF INTERNAL SECURITY. THIS DOUBLE PUNCH OF LACK OF ADEQUATE MANPOWER COUPLED WITH LACK OF LATEST TECHNOLOGY – PRESENTS A STRONG CASE FOR EFFECTIVE DETERRENTS.  AGAINST A SANCTIONED STRENGTH OF (173.5) POLICE PERSONNEL FOR EVERY (01) LAC OF CITIZENS, THE ACTUAL STRENGTH IS ONLY (131.4). WHEREAS THERE ARE (03) COPS TO PROTECT EACH V.I.P. THERE IS ONLY (01) POLICEMAN FOR (761) CITIZENS. ITALY HAS (559), MEXICO HAS (491.8), JAPAN HAS (303), GERMANY (298) & NEPAL IN (2002) HAD (192.7) – POLICE PERSONNEL FOR EVERY (01) LAC OF POPULATION. ACCOUNTING FOR THE SHORTAGE OF POLICE PERSONNEL WE NEED TO INCORPORATE FIRST LEVEL DETERRENTS (WHERE EVER POSSIBLE) TO REDUCE INSTANSES OF CRIMES AGAINST HELPLESS CITIZENS.

INDIA'S RANK HAS FALLEN SEVEN POINTS ON THE GLOBAL PEACE INDEX (GPI) (2011), WHICH RANKS COUNTRIES ACCORDING TO HOW PEACEFUL THEY ARE. INDIA NOW RANKS (135) OUT OF (153) COUNTRIES. WE ARE NOW AMONGST THE (20) LEAST PEACEFUL NATIONS IN THE WORLD, ALONG WITH COUNTRIES SUCH AS PAKISTAN AND AFGHANISTAN.
AT RANK (80), CHINA FARES A LOT BETTER THAN INDIA. WHILE SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA REMAINS ONE OF THE MOST VIOLENT REGIONS IN THE WORLD ACCORDING TO THE GPI, MOST COUNTRIES IN AFRICA AND NEARLY ALL COUNTRIES IN LATIN AMERICA AND EASTERN EUROPE RANK ABOVE INDIA.
"INDIA'S SCORE REMAINS THE SAME ON MOST PARAMETERS USED TO MEASURE PEACEFULNESS. HOMICIDE AND CRIME RATES IN INDIA, TOO, ARE A LOT LOWER THAN MANY OTHER COUNTRIES. THE FALL IN RANKINGS IS LARGELY DUE TO AN INCREASING PERCEPTION OF CRIMINALITY IN SOCIETY," SAYS STEVE KILLELEA, FOUNDER OF THE GLOBAL PEACE INDEX.
PAKISTAN FARES WORSE THAN INDIA WITH A RANK OF (146) ON THE GPI, THANKS LARGELY TO THE EASY ACCESS TO SMALL WEAPONS IN THE COUNTRY COUPLED WITH HIGH LEVELS OF INTERNAL CONFLICT AND TERRORISM. DESPITE CHINA'S POOR HUMAN RIGHTS TRACK RECORD, KILLELEA SAYS THAT CHINA'S RELATIVELY BETTER PERFORMANCE HAS MUCH TO DO WITH LOW LEVELS OF HOMICIDE AND VIOLENT CRIME IN THE COUNTRY, AS WELL AS A MUCH LOWER POTENTIAL FOR TERRORIST ATTACKS.
ACCORDING TO ESTIMATES BY ECONOMISTS WORKING ON THE GPI, VIOLENCE COST THE GLOBAL ECONOMY OVER ($8) TRILLION IN (2010). "IF THE WORLD HAD BEEN (25%) MORE PEACEFUL OVER THE PAST YEAR THE GLOBAL ECONOMY WOULD HAVE REAPED AN ADDITIONAL ECONOMIC BENEFIT OF JUST OVER US ($2) TRILLION.
"THE LESSON FOR INDIA IS THAT, WHILE IT MAY HAVE A VIBRANT ECONOMY, IT COULD DO SO MUCH BETTER IF IT DID AWAY WITH VIOLENCE," HE SAID.